Bed bugs are efficient hitchhikers and easily transported. Once introduced, they are often spread throughout a building. They harbor in cracks and crevices during the day and come out to feed at night.
Typically, initial infestations of bed bugs are found associated with the bed such as around mattress buttons and beading, in boxsprings or their coverings, and in any crevice of a wooden bed frame, such as where members join. They are particularly fond of wood and fabrics as opposed to plastic and metal.
Because of their hitchhiking abilities, they can be introduced into a structure via used furniture or in the belongings of someone who has been living in or visiting a bed bug infested situation. Adults can survive for up to one year if they are well fed.